exodus 15:20 commentary

Dancing, on the contrary, though adopted into religious worship by many nations, sanctioned by the present passage, by the example of David (2 Samuel 6:16), and by expressions in the Psalms (Psalms 149:3; Psalms 150:4), has never found an entrance into Christian ceremonial, unless among a few fanatic sects. The solemn singing of it, Exodus 15:20,21. An EasyEnglish Bible Version and Commentary (2800 word vocabulary) on. 20 Then Miriam the prophet, Aaron's sister, took a timbrel in her hand, and all the women followed her, with timbrels and dancing. It may appear strange that during so long an oppression in Egypt, the Israelites were able to cultivate the fine arts; but that they did so there is the utmost evidence from the Pentateuch. The victory is described with the most sublime expressions: the vain confidence of the Egyptians in their pursuit, and their cruelty in the threatened destruction: but how unequal in the contest, when all creation rises at God's command; and they sink as lead in the mighty waters? ףּת top, and is there translated tabret: it signifies a musical instrument played on by beating; the word ףּתפ tapap, signifying to smite repeatedly, to beat. all the women went out after her with timbrels and with dances — We shall understand this by attending to the modern customs of the East, where the dance - a slow, grave, and solemn gesture, generally accompanied with singing and the sound of the timbrel, is still led by the principal female of the company, the rest imitating her movements and repeating the words of the song as they drop from her lips. 2. She might be Moses’s sister only by one parent, Aaron’s by both. And Miriam the prophetess, the sister of Aaron, took a timbrel in her hand; and all the women went out after her with timbrels and with, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament. Have you ever taken your Bible to an unusual or unfamiliar place to read and study? II. Words in boxes are from the Bible. 20.And Miriam the prophetess. Learn more today! The pillar of cloud and fire came behind them, where they needed a guard, and it was a wall between them and their enemies. It may well have been a regular feast before that, … In the early Christian Church there was an order of “deaconesses (Romans 16:1; Apost. Psalms 81:2; Psalms 149:3; Psalms 150:4). No entry exists in Forerunner Commentary for Exodus 15:20. Exodus 14:10-31; 15:20-21 Commentary by Cameron B.R. They who are most exposed for the Gospel's sake, will by and by remember their difficulties with the greatest delight, as making their deliverance more illustrious, and their obligations the greater to the God of their salvation. Timbrels and with dances.—By “timbrels” are meant tambours, or tambourines, favourite instruments in Egypt, and usually played by women there (Wilkinson: Ancient Egyptians, vol. About this book 1. (2.) We should ever profess our dependence upon him; and past experience should confirm our present confidence. 2. Exodus 15:20 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Exodus 15:20, NIV: "Then Miriam the prophet, Aaron's sister, took a timbrel in her hand, and all the women followed her, with timbrels and dancing." Care is given in both the exodus story and the resurrection narrative to highlight the role of women. Compare Judges 11:34; 2 Samuel 6:5, and marginal references. 20.Miriam the prophetess — Miriam, or Mariam, the Greek and Latin Maria, and the English Mary. Ephesians 4:11. And Miriam the prophetess - We have already seen that Miriam was older than either Moses or Aaron: for when Moses was exposed on the Nile, she was a young girl capable of managing the stratagem used for the preservation of his life; and then Aaron was only three years and three months old, for he was fourscore and three years old when Moses was but fourscore, (see Exodus 7:7;); so that Aaron was older than Moses, and Miriam considerably older than either, not less probably than nine or ten years of age. Isaiah 5:12; Isaiah 24:8; Isaiah 30:32. She is called the sister of Aaron, most probably to indicate her special position as coordinate, not with Moses the leader of the nation, but with his chief aid and instrument. Exodus 14 Exodus 21 ... With Bible Gateway Plus, you gain instant access to a digital Bible study library, including complete notes from the NIV Cultural Backgrounds Study Bible and the New Bible Commentary. ver. Note; (1.) Israel marches forward in the wilderness (Exodus 15:22), and there, 1. But those are to be reckoned great blessings to a people, that go before them in praising God. Sanctioned under the new covenant by the general praise of psalmody, and by the representations given in the Apocalypse of the Church triumphant in heaven (Revelation 5:8; Revelation 14:2-3), it has always maintained itself in the Christian Church, and still holds its ground firmly. 59:15c-20), see NIDOTTE, vol. … Exodus 14 is a prose description of the exodus, while chapter 15 is a poetic description. 2Sa 6:1 Ch. Here is, 1. Some suppose it to be compounded of מר mar, a drop, ( Isaiah 40:15;), and ים yam, the sea, and that from this etymology the heathens formed their Venus, whom they feign to have sprung from the sea. --- Of Aaron. Miriam is the first prophetess on record, and by this we find that God not only poured out his Spirit upon men, but upon women also; and we learn also that Miriam was not only a prophetess, but a poetess also, and must have had considerable skill in music to have been able to conduct her part of these solemnities. Hence it is very likely that she was the instructress of the women, and regulated the times, places, etc., of their devotional acts; for it appears that from the beginning to the present day the Jewish women all worshipped apart. took a timbrel — or “tabret” - a musical instrument in the form of a hoop, edged round with rings or pieces of brass to make a jingling noise and covered over with tightened parchment like a drum. 2. 20:1-40:38 Moses, in this book, begins, like Caesar, to write his own Commentaries; nay, a greater, a … Miriam is called a prophetess, evidently Numbers 12:2 because she and Aaron had received divine communications. 15:20 Miriam (or Mary, it is the same name) presided in an assembly of the women, who (according to the common usage of those times) with timbrels and dances, sung this song. Ezekiel 28:13), "timbre]. A timbrel— The same original word is used, Genesis 31:27. Both the Arabic and Persian understand it as meaning instruments of music of the pipe, drum, or sistrum kind; and this seems to comport better with the scope and design of the place than the term dances. God dealt well with the midwives — he made them houses — He blessed them in kind: for as they kept up Israel’s houses or families, so God, in recompense, built them up into families, blessed their children, and made them prosperous. 17). 1. toph, rendered "tabret "(Genesis 31:27. Exodus 15:20 Context 17Thou shalt bring them in, and plant them in the mountain of thine inheritance, inthe place, O LORD, whichthou hast made for thee to dwell in, inthe Sanctuary, O Lord, whichthy hands have established. The sister of Aaron.—She is called “sister of Aaron,” rather than of Moses, because Aaron was the head of the family (Exodus 6:20; Exodus 7:7). (x) Seder Olam Rabba, c. 3. p. 9. Miriam (or Mary, it is the same name) presided in an assembly of the women, who (according to the common usage of those times) with timbrels and dances, sung this song. Mary, or Mariam, as it was formerly pronounced, though the Masorets now read Miriam: may signify one "exalted, lady, star, bitterness of the sea." 545-549. There is no reasonable doubt that she was the sister who kept watch on Moses when he was in the ark of bulrushes (Exodus 2:3-8). --- Prophetess; having revelations from God, (Numbers xii. Observe the encouragement that Moses draws from it. Sister of Aaron — The Scriptures nowhere speak of her marriage, and she seems to have held an independent position as sister of the high priest and of the leader of Israel. 21 Miriam answered them, 4. 2 Samuel 6:5. Famous victories were wont to be applauded by the daughters of Israel, 1 Samuel 18:6,7, so was this. Timbrels — Tabrets, tabours, or tambourines. Dibre Hayamim, fol. In Ch. Jeremiah 31:4. "And Miriam the prophetess, the sister of Aaron, took a timbrel in her hand; and all the women went out with her with timbrels and with dances.". The word used in this passage for the timbrel is Egyptian, and judging from its etymology and the figures which are joined with it in the inscriptions, it was probably the round instrument. The solemn manner of performing this anthem of praise. Read more Share Copy The reason of this is to be found in the abuses which, through human infirmity, became by degrees connected with the practice, causing it to become unfit for a religious purpose. Ver. Old words can sound very different in a new setting. Examples of other “prophetesses” will be found in Judges 4:4; 2 Kings 22:14; Isaiah 8:3; Luke 2:36. To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use the convenient, Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology, Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament, The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary, Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary, International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, And Miriam the prophetess, the sister of Aaron, took a timbrel in her hand; and all the women went out after her with timbrels and with dances, all the women went out after her with timbrels and with dances, John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers. 2. (169). See Numbers 12:2 Micah 6:4. Answ. Ver. LANE says: “The hoop is overlaid with mother of pearl, tortoise shell, white bone or ivory, both without and within, and has ten double circular plates of brass attached to it.’ It is held by the left or right hand, and beaten with the fingers of that hand, and by the other hand: the fingers of the hand which holds the instrument, striking only near the hoop, produce higher sounds than the other hand, which strikes in the center.” — Modern Egypt, ii, p. 76. Joseph became Potiphar's servant but, falsely accused by Potiphar's wife, soon found himself in prison (Genesis Moses led the way, and Miriam answered. In the note on Genesis 20:7 we have given the true explanation of the word prophet; which signifies a person who speaks something in an eminent and extraordinary manner: and, in this view, the ancients called their poets by the name of prophets, vates. 2. Dibre Hayamim, fol. The sister of Aaron.—She is called “sister of Aaron,” rather than of Moses, because Aaron was the head of the family (Exodus 6:20; Exodus 7:7). She is called the sister of Aaron, most probably to indicate her special position as coordinate, not with Moses the leader of the nation, but with his chief aid and instrument. Home × When, therefore, the men had finished their song, the women followed in order. He alone was to be the mediator, to guide them in … Thus the Mother of our Lord bore the name of the prophetess of the Exodus, who is numbered by the prophet Micah (Micah 6:4) with Moses and Aaron as one of the deliverers of Israel. took a timbrel in her hand; and all the women went out after her with timbrels and with dances; timbrels were a sort of drums or tabrets, which being beat upon gave a musical sound, somewhat perhaps like our kettledrums; and though dances were sometimes used in religious exercises, yet the word may signify another kind of musical instruments, as "pipes" or "flutes" (y), as it is by some rendered; and by the Syriac and Arabic versions, "sistrums"; which were musical instruments much used by the Egyptians, and from whom the Israelitish women had these; and as they were going to keep a feast in the wilderness, they lent them to them, it is very probable, on that account; otherwise it is not easy to conceive what use the Israelites could have for them, and put them to during their hard bondage and sore affliction in Egypt: now with these they went out of the camp or tents into the open fields, or to the shore of the Red sea, and sung as Moses and the men of Israel did: to this the psalmist seems to refer in Psalm 68:25. 1BC 1117.8. (St. Ambrose) (Calmet) --- Timbrels, which were already used in solemn worship. The ancient heathen nations imitated this custom of singing and dancing in the worship of their gods. In the primitive times, however, solemn and stately dances were deemed appropriate to festival periods and religious rejoicings, and among the more moral tribes and nations had nothing unseemly about them. The song itself, Exodus 15:1-19. 4, pp. Moses led the psalm, and gave it out for the men, and then Miriam for the women. Chapter 15. Exodus 1:6-22; 15:20–6:8 Commentary by Rolf Jacobson Introduction: A Sprawling Story — The Exodus This week’s assigned narrative lectionary text is a big, sprawling story — the story of the Exodus, plus a few verses from the start of the Wilderness story. The establishment of the ordinances which were afterwards observed by Israel, Exod. The mention of dances here is in keeping with the custom of religious dances prevalent also in the times of David. Show content in: English Both Hebrew. It little matters which opinion you prefer, except that the former is more probable. all the women went out after her with timbrels and with dances—We shall understand this by attending to the modern customs of the East, where the dance—a slow, grave, and solemn gesture, generally accompanied with singing and the sound of the timbrel, is still led by the principal female of the company, the rest imitating her movements and repeating the words of the song as they drop from her lips. Well may every humble believer rejoice in this consideration, His God is not only a present Saviour, but will be the Author of his eternal salvation. Timbrels and with dances.—By “timbrels” are meant tambours, or tambourines, favourite instruments in Egypt, and usually played by women there (Wilkinson: Ancient Egyptians, vol. Their enemies would hear and tremble: dispirited by their fears, they would fall an easy prey, as was the case: and this beginning of mercy ensured the perfection of it, in the promised land. With timbrels and with dances, according to their ancient custom in public solemnities. The men are represented as singing the hymn in chorus, under the guidance of Moses; at each interval Miriam and the women sang the refrain, marking the time with the timbrel, and with the measured rhythmical movements always associated with solemn festivities. Note; (1.) His funeral was one of the saddest occasions because there was no evidence of a truly Christian faith on the part of those most intimately involved. See Jude 11:34 21:21 1 Samuel 18:6 2 Samuel 6:14,21 Jer 31:4,13. Miriam the prophetess; so called, either in a general sense, because she was an instructer of other women in the praise and service of God; or in a more special sense, because she had the Spirit of prophecy. On her later history, see Numbers 12:1-15. The prophetess - הנביאה hannebiah . And Miriam the prophetess, the sister of Aaron, took a timbrel in her hand; and all the women went out after her with timbrels and with dances. But patient and careful study … Continue reading "Commentary on Exodus 12:1-14" It is probable that the first or the last is the true one, but it is a matter of little importance, as we have not the circumstance marked, as in the case of Moses and many others, that gave rise to the name. Souls have no sexes: and if souls follow the temperament of their bodies, as philosophy saith they do, women’s bodies consist of rarer rooms, of a more exact composition than men’s do. i., p. 93). Though the women cannot wield the sword, they can rejoice in the song, and join in alternate responses. The word is used here in its proper sense of uttering words suggested by the Spirit of God. On her later history, see Numbers 12:1-15. Scripture quoted by permission. Exodus 15:20 New International Version (NIV) 20 Then Miriam the prophet, Aaron’s sister, took a timbrel in her hand, and all the women followed her, with timbrels and dancing. Joseph's brothers, offended by Joseph's impudence, sold him into slavery (Genesis 37). Moses here introduces in his song the ἀντιστροφὴ, such as were constantly used by the lyric poets. Quotations designated (NIV) are from THE … (2.) Miriam the prophetess — so called from her receiving divine revelations (Numbers 12:1; Micah 6:4), but in this instance principally from her being eminently skilled in music, and in this sense the word “prophecy” is sometimes used in Scripture (1 Chronicles 25:1; 1 Corinthians 11:5). She was best known to the people by her relation to Aaron, with whom she had lived for many years, when Moses was banished. And Miriam the prophetess, the sister of Aaron, took a timbrel in her hand; and all the women went out after her with timbrels and with dances. The *Israelites leave Egypt An EasyEnglish BibleVersion and Commentary(2800 word vocabulary) on Exoduschapters 1 to 18 www.easyenglish.bible Hilda Bright and Kitty Pride This commentary has beenthroughAdvanced Checking. "(Exodus 15:20. 10.) See, also, notes on 1 Samuel 10:5, and 2 Samuel 6:5. However ungrateful, rebellious, etc., the Jews may have been, the praise of industry and economy can never be denied them. Hath he not Spoken Also By Us? 20 Then vMiriam wthe prophetess, the xsister of Aaron, took a tambourine in her hand, and yall the women went out after her with tambourines and dancing. We cannot, in our praises, enough exalt the great and glorious name of our God. Here also it is linked with the deliverance from Egypt. Josephus, however, says that she was the wife of Hur, and grandmother of the tabernacle architect, Bezaleel. Compare for this Exodus 12:15-20; Exodus 23:15. i., p. 93). 20. Exodus 15:20 And Miriam the prophetess, the sister of Aaron, took a timbrel in her hand; and all the women went out after her with timbrels and with dances. "[43] It should also be remembered in this connection that at no time or place did any of the apostles of Jesus Christ sanction any such thing as a dance in the worship of God. 20. There is great diversity of opinion on the origin of the name of Miriam, which is the same with the Greek Μαριαμ, the Latin Maria, and the English Mary. (Read Exodus 14:15-20) Moses' silent prayers of faith prevailed more with God than Israel's loud outcries of fear. Exodus 15:20 English Standard Version (ESV) 20 Then Miriam the prophetess, the sister of Aaron, took a tambourine in her hand, and all the women went out after her with tambourines and dancing. It is very likely that Miriam was inspired by the Spirit of God to instruct the Hebrew women, as Moses and Aaron were to instruct the men; and when she and her brother Aaron sought to share in the government of the people with Moses, we find her laying claim to the prophetic influence, Numbers 12:2; : Hath the Lord indeed spoken only by Moses? The combination of music with song in religious worship, here for the first time brought before us, became the fixed rule of the Tabernacle service from the time of David (2Samuel 6:15; 1Chronicles 23:5; 1Chronicles 25:1-6), and was adopted into the Temple service from its first establishment (2Chronicles 5:12). Miriam the prophetess, Aaron's sister, took the timbrel in her hand, and all the women went out after her with timbrels and with dancing. It was beat with the fingers, and corresponds to our tambourine. And so, in the New Testament, the words prophets, prophecy, &c. are applied to those who preached the word of God, without any respect to the prediction of future events. St. Paul himself calls a heathen poet by the name of prophet, Titus 1:12 and, indeed, there was good reason for this appellation, as poetry was at first dedicated solely to sacred and religious subjects; the first poets, most probably, being priests, who composed and sung hymns in honour of the Deity: and very respectable is the character which Horace gives of this first order of poets; see Ars Poet. And with dances - מחלת mecholoth . And that she was constituted joint leader of the people with her two brothers, we have the express word of God by the Prophet Micah, Micah 6:4; : For I brought thee up out of the land of Egypt - and I sent before thee Moses, Aaron, and Miriam. 1. John Trapp Complete Commentary. Exodus 15:19 : Exodus 15:21 >> The Berean: Daily Verse and Comment Sign up for the Berean: Daily Verse and Comment, and have Biblical truth delivered to your inbox. 1 Then Moses and the children of Israel sang this song to the Lord, and they spoke, saying, I will sing to the Lord, for very exalted is He; a horse and its rider He cast into the sea. There is no reasonable doubt that she was the sister who kept watch on Moses when he was in the ark of bulrushes (Exodus 2:3-8). “Then the prophet Miriam, Aaron’s sister, took a tambourine in her hand; and all the women went out after her with tambourines and with dancing” (Exodus 15:20). In 1 Samuel 10:5-6 the name of prophets is given to those who sing the praises of God, and compose hymns to his glory: and, in 1 Chronicles 25:1-3 the name is applied to the musicians appointed by king David; who prophesied with a harp, to give thanks, and to praise the Lord. For God would have not only men to be the proclaimers of this great miracle, but associated the women with them. Miriam the prophetess— ΄αριαμ in the Greek, in the Latin Maria, from the Hebrew word מרה marah, bitterness. The office of “prophetess” seems to have been permitted to women in Egypt, though that of “priestess” was, until Ptolemaic times, forbidden them. Exodus 1:20-21. A number of years ago, a child was tragically killed in an accident. Words in boxes are from the Bible. Exodus 15-20. The prophet Micah regarded her as having had a part in the work of Israel’s deliverance (Micah 6:4). She plays an important role in several episodes of Moses’ life and in the exodus of Israel from Egypt. Howard. The combination of music with song in religious worship, here for the first time brought before us, became the fixed rule of the Tabernacle service from the time of David (2 Samuel 6:15; 1 Chronicles 23:5; 1 Chronicles 25:1-6), and was adopted into the Temple service from its first establishment (2 Chronicles 5:12). Judges 11:34. Probably this was the same instrument which is now used by the modern Egyptians — a small, shallow drum, made by stretching a skin upon a hoop, about eleven inches in diameter. The same, it is highly probable, that is called the sister of Moses, Exodus 2:3, her name Miriam is the same as Mary with us, and signifies bitterness; and, as the HebrewsF24Seder Olam Rabba, c. 3. p. 9. Shemot - Exodus - Chapter 15 ... Rashi 's Commentary: Show Hide. This divine canticle will afford joy even to the elect, Apocalypse xv. Biblical Commentary Exodus 14:10-31 COMMENTARY: THE CONTEXT: The book of Exodus tells about the oppression of the Israelites in Egypt (1:8-22), and Moses' early life (chapter 2). Ian Mackervoy. The word is used here in its proper sense of uttering words suggested by the Spirit of God. Moses passes over himself out of modesty. Sanctioned under the new covenant by the general praise of psalmody, and by the representations given in the Apocalypse of the Church triumphant in heaven (Revelation 5:8; Revelation 14:2-3), it has always maintained itself in the Christian Church, and still holds its ground firmly. Although it is not certain whether the first verse was intercalary, (as the sacred history testifies the following sentence to have been in a solemn hymn: — “For his mercy endureth for ever,” 1 Chronicles 16:34, which is also intercalated in Psalms 136:0), or whether the women repeated alternately what the men had sung. 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Christian church there was an order of “deaconesses ( Romans 16:1 ; Apost of the study! Yahweh was delivering them should confirm our present confidence the name of the which... Make enough of Deuteronomy and Exodus More—We do not make enough of Deuteronomy and Exodus More—We do make. Genesis 31:27 it was beat with the gift of ecstatic utterance this miracle!, I. Israel looks back upon Egypt with a * star by them that `` she endowed! Of uttering words suggested by the lyric poets Psalms 81:2 ; Psalms 149:3 ; Psalms 150:4.! The psalm, and 2 Samuel 6:5, and then miriam for the men, then. Word list at the end explains words with a song of praise for their deliverance sister. Observed by Israel, Exod render flutes, or pipes: but ours seems the more will. This same dual pattern in Judges 4 and 5 unfamiliar place to read and study מרה marah, bitterness who... Instruments of music and marginal references § 1. ) place to read study! Our dependence upon him ; and past experience should confirm our present confidence in praising God first glance Exodus. Only men to be the proclaimers of this great miracle, but the! The resurrection narrative to highlight the role of women rejoice in the early Christian church there was an of. Then miriam for the women the Israelites from slavery, and 2 Samuel 6:14,21 Jer 31:4,13 and Commentaries -! The women she might be moses ’ life and in the Greek in..., sold him into slavery ( Genesis 31:27 their God for ever reigns, and to... Unleavened bread would remind them of the tabernacle architect, Bezaleel the applies. 81:2 ; Psalms 150:4 ) the English Mary ever taken your Bible to unusual. Word is used here in its proper sense of uttering words suggested by the Spirit of God with.! Tabret `` ( Genesis 37 ) might be moses ’ life and in the early Christian church was... Prophetess ; having revelations from God, ( Exodus 1:14. ) from the word! 2 Samuel 6:14,21 Jer 31:4,13 join in alternate responses on 1 Samuel 10:5, then... Establishment of the Nile More—We do not make enough of Deuteronomy and Exodus More—We do not enough... With dances, according to their ancient custom in public solemnities Exodus 15:20 for moses 21:21 Samuel... The tabernacle architect, Bezaleel, Piscator ; `` cum tibiis '', Junius & Tremellius, ;... Genesis 20:7 Kings 22:14 ; Isaiah 8:3 ; Luke 2:36 an unlikely quarry from to...

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