matthew 5:10 explained
He is telling them that this persecution will be happening “to you.” Jesus turns the conversation from general realities to specific application for the you all who are being addressed. Kingdom of God (Matt 6:33; Mark 1:14, 15 Luke 4:43) = "kingdom of Christ" (Matt 13:41; 20:21) = "kingdom of Chri... Persecution The first great persecution for religious opinion of which we have any record was that which brok... To Get the Full List of Definitions: Sign Up or Login. Read verse in New International Version Both Moses and Jesus: • Are threatened in infancy by the edict of a wicked ruler (Exodus 1-2; Matthew 2:13-15). Thus, Christians have a constant need for more men like Augustine, Calvin, and Tertullian standing tall to defend the plight of the righteous suffering, but—despite an abundance of persecution taking place—there is presently a dearth of scholarship in this area.65 The absence of such scholarship must not delude Christians into assuming the absence of such suffering. A recent database survey at a prominent, evangelical seminary library yielded 4,466 entries with the term psychology in the title, while only yielding 118 titles using the term. Further, Pryzybylski denies that righteousness is related to the gift of God and believes, instead, it must refer to the demand of God upon man.26 But Deines’ point concerning John the Baptist and righteousness should not to be overlooked here:27 The way of righteousness proclaimed by the Baptist is clearly the way of God’s righteousness. In verse ten, those are to be congratulated who have been persecuted for the sake of righteousness, while in verse eleven those are to be congratulated who are persecuted because of Christ. Active . Blessed are those who have been persecuted for the sake of righteousness, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. Matthew 5:10-12. The New Testament portrays Jesus as preparing his disciples for the reality of persecution from the very early parts of his ministry. Hammond was arrested, convicted, and fined under the Public Order Act of 1986. Second, the “on account of me” in verse 11 emphasizes that Christ is not to be considered separately from his authority. Jesus fulfilled the prophets and the Law in the righteousness of God. His case was appealed, although he died before it was decided. shall you give such multitudes to a single beast? Q 6:23) could be taken to refer to the followers of Christ as prophets. And though Matthew Morrison TikTok does toe a fine ethical line, most members of the movement aren’t too concerned with how the actor may feel about the mockery. Maybe we were obnoxious or caustic. Matthew 5:20 is the twentieth verse of the fifth chapter of the Gospel of Matthew in the New Testament and is part of the Sermon on the Mount. Christ is surely referred to as a prophet throughout the gospel of Matthew (13:53-58; 14:5; 16:14; 21:11; 21:46).61 Nevertheless, as Repschinski has said, “The confession of Peter (16:16) makes it clear that the crowd’s appraisal of Jesus as prophet is inadequate.”62 Though one may rightly argue in a minimalist sense that Christ is pictured as a prophet throughout Matthew, he would have to agree that Christ is also pictured as something more than a prophet. Matthew 5:10-12. From a consideration of the extant biblical data, there appears to be at least similarities between righteousness in Paul and righteousness in Matthew, particularly with reference to the kingdom. We are not to seek persecution. He earned his Ph.D. in Christian Ethics from The Southern Baptist Theological Seminary where he wrote his dissertation on the topic of persecution in the New Testament. 12 i Rejoice and be glad , for your reward is great in heaven , for j so they persecuted the prophets who were before you . Matthew 5:10-12. If so, then the actions are representations of the righteousness behind them, which is Christ’s. Copyright © 2021, Southern Equip. Jesus is at root the ultimate provocateur of Christian persecution. 9 Blessed are the peacemakers, for they shall be … This article has attempted to explain why. Calvin pleaded with the king to recognize the injustice of the persecution and to put it to an end. Clearly, the kingdom and the righteousness still refer to God, whether the gospel originally stated it pronominally or not. Matthew 5:10-12. Review. In this view, righteousness in Matthew is framed not so much by the literature of the Old Testament—and certainly not by post-Reformation, Pauline interpretations of the term; rather, the framework for righteousness is found in the inter-testamental Dead Sea Scrolls and Tannaitic literature, which reflect significant development from the Old Testament. Christ warns that the kind of dikaiosunē which is practiced merely from an anthropological outlook is the dikaiosunē of hypocrites, sounding trumpets to be noticed anthropologically, rather than the dikaiosunē which belongs to the authoritative king of heaven in Matthew 5:20. Turn with me again to Matthew 5:10-12. Being brought under the umbrella of Christ’s righteousness, on the one hand, leads to concrete confessions and actions which are manifest openly before the world, and, on the other hand, exposes the followers of Christ to persecution. We talked a lot about cool kids and the good and bad things they like to do. for righteousness sake: on account of their righteous and godly conversation, which brings upon them the hatred and enmity of the men of the world: for saints, by living righteously, separate themselves from them, and profess themselves not to belong to them; their religious life sets a brand upon, and distinguishes other persons; yea, it reproves and condemns their wicked lives and practices; and this fills them with wrath against them, and puts them on persecuting them: or by "righteousness" may be meant, a righteous cause, the cause of Christ and his Gospel; for by making a profession of Christ, showing a concern for his interest, and by engaging in a vindication of his person and truths, saints expose themselves to the rage and persecution of men: and particularly, they are persecuted for preaching, maintaining, or embracing, the doctrine of justification by the righteousness of Christ; because it is not of man, nor agreeable to the carnal reason of man; it is opposite to the way of justification, which men naturally receive; it excludes boasting, and is contrary to their carnal and selfish principles: persecution is either verbal with the tongue, by cruel mockings and reproachful language; or real, by deeds, such as confiscation of goods, banishment, imprisonment of body, and innumerable sorts of death: the latter seems here more especially designed, and both are expressed in the following verse; and yet the saints, though thus used, or rather abused, are happy; for theirs is the kingdom of heaven: the same blessedness is predicated of these as of the poor in spirit, ver. Discipleship begins with teaching would-be followers to obey everything Jesus taught (Matt 28:20). Otherwise, “If ‘the blessed’ are persecuted for their righteousness (5:10), then quite logically the Pharisees, or at least those who strictly adhere to the rules of moral conduct, also would qualify for persecution.”57 Instead, the Pharisees act as persecutors instead of persecuted. The exact cause of persecution is not the presence of obedient disciples. As Jesus develops His message, He clearly teaches that such a life causes His people to be in direct contrast to the world in which they live. Therefore, this regnal righteousness definition of Christian persecution must be able to account for itself in the larger debate concerning righteousness in Matthew. It is an evidence that we are the children of God, and that he will defend us. Blessed are you when men cast insults at you, and persecute you, and say all kinds of evil against you falsely, on account of Me. The definition and interpretation presented thus far includes both authority (regnal) and judgment/salvation (righteousness). The blessing and kingdom belong only to those whose persecution is related to Christ or to righteousness. 11 Blessed are you when men revile you and persecute you and utter all kinds of evil against you falsely on my account. Matthew 5:10 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Matthew 5:10, NIV: "Blessed are those who are persecuted because of righteousness, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven." Matthew 5:10 Blessed are those who have been persecuted for the sake of righteousness, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. This change from third person plural to second person plural shifts the conversation to direct address by the speaker. It is more occasional than causal. The translation of heneken emou, “because of me” or “on account of me,” in Matthew 5:11 demonstrates the regnal righteousness dynamic of persecution in three ways. Biblical Commentary (Bible study) Matthew 5:1-12 EXEGESIS: MATTHEW 5-7. Content. Biblical Commentary (Bible study) Matthew 2:1-12 EXEGESIS: EPIPHANY: The word epiphany means an appearance or manifestation, particularly of a divine being—or an illuminating discovery, especially one that comes unexpectedly. Because of the prominent role righteousness plays in explaining Christian persecution, a further (albeit brief) consideration of righteousness in Matthew is in order. Matthew 5:10–12 10 f “ Blessed are those who are persecuted for righteousness ’ sake , for u theirs is the kingdom of heaven . The question comes back to the relationship between the persecution of 5:10 and that of 5:11. Jesus also sent, at a later time, a larger group of seventy disciples (cf. In short, persecution is present and on the increase. Christ remains present with his people. As king, Christ establishes the righteousness of God on the earth, which is to say, he asserts divine authority and demands complete allegiance, as any good and godly sovereign should (2 Sam 8:15). Blessed are ye when [men] shall reproach you, etc. More study and more action is needed on behalf of the global body of Christ which suffers daily. All rights reserved. Is the blessing for kingdom people related to ethical righteousness, to Christ, or to both? Are the two strictly parallel? Ton’s thesis is burdened by questions of how the faithfulness of the suffering disciples proves worth or value in the kingdom. 8 Blessed are the pure in heart: for they shall see God. Instead, they build on the statement, “for so they persecuted the prophets who were before you,” maintaining that the persecution is not related primarily to Christ, his kingdom, or his righteousness. Rather, this mention serves to establish the followers of Christ in a long line (dating back to Abel) of those whose righteousness has not been silent, thus occasioning persecution. Stassen and Gushee chronicle the history of Christianity in this negative regard,17 tracing the phenomenon back to Justin Martyr’s bifurcated view of Matthew 22:17-21, from which Justin argued before Emperor Antoninus Pius that worship was due to God but service due to Caesar, who was the king and ruler of men.18 By now, the preceding engagement with Matthew 5:10-12 should have dispelled any notion of dualism in the matter of being persecuted on account of Christ. Is this not right from the beginning of the Gospel at least an indirect hint as to how Matthew understood the Torah and the Messiah’s main task?”25 According to Deines, Matthew fleshes out the need for forgiveness and demonstrates that the forgiveness is not to come from the Torah but from Christ. “The Gospel of Matthew occupies first place in all extant witnesses to the text of the four Gospels and in all early lists of the canonical books of the New Testament” (R.V.G. Matthew 3:15 is much better understood as the opening part of an inclusio with 21:32, thus identifying the first and last uses of the noun dikaiosunē in Matthew with John the Baptist.28 Significantly, the original occurrence of dikaiosunē in Matthew (3:15) takes place for Christ (plērōsai pasan dikaiosunē). 11 Blessed are you when men revile you and persecute you and utter all kinds of evil against you falsely on my account. Elijah was asked if it was not he who was troubling Israel (1 Kings 18:17). 14:17), just as Matthew testifies to Jesus’ witness to the coming ‘righteousness of God’ (Matt. Commentary; Dictionary; Strong's; Notes Matthew Henry Concise. The dikaiosunē of Matthew 5:10, like the dikaiosunē of 6:1, is a dikaiosunē which pursues the kingdom of God first and his dikaiosunē which accompanies it. A group of thirty-forty young people surrounded and assaulted Hammond, even though the record shows that Hammond was temperate in his language. 10 Blessed are they which are persecuted for righteousness' sake: for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. The warning is clarified by the phrase, pros to theathēvai autois (“in order to be seen by them”). Epiphany marks the first manifestation of Jesus to the Gentiles. When the regnal dynamic thus far exposed is allowed to speak with regard to righteousness, then the righteousness of the persecution in Matthew 5:10 can be viewed as directly linked to the persecution on account of Christ in Matthew 5:11. More and more, pastors need to provide counsel to people working in places where rules forbid them from praying, reading Scripture, or voicing concerns on moral issues of significance. Matthew 5:10-12 10 Blessed are those who are persecuted for righteousness' sake, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. Paul tell us in 2 Timothy 3:12 that “indeed, all who desire to live godly in Christ Jesus will be persecuted. Both the righteousness and the authority in consideration belong to Christ, the righteous king, and, thus, are ultimately inseparable. • Are rejected by their own people (Exodus 2:14; Matthew 13:55-58). One can see the seamless merging of Christ, kingdom, and righteousness, in Matthew 5:10-11. Further, his work shows that there are pertinent questions relating to suffering and rewards. In response, Jervis rightly notes that for the case to hold that persecution is paradigmatic of Israel and the prophets, then three conditions must obtain: (1) Jesus’ followers should be described as prophets; (2) Jesus’ followers should call Israel to repent; and (3) the rejection of the call to repent should be the reason for the persecution. Understanding precisely what is meant by the varying uses of “on account of” is important. Such seeking displays light, and—to borrow a Johannine phrase—the darkness hates the light (John 3:19). Here in this regnal dynamic is the display of righteousness which makes one a target of persecution. If persecution depended upon the obedience of Christ’s disciples, there may never be a blessing given, considering that all of the disciples failed to demonstrate allegiance consistently, whether it were Peter rebuking the Lord (16:22) or all of the disciples faltering in faith (17:20). The fact of a relationship between kingdom people and persecution is visible in Matthew 5:10-12. According to Przbylyski, Matthew (in its final redaction) was, in a sense, phasing out the Jewish concept of righteousness and replacing it with the Jesus concept of disciple. The birth of this one who is greater than Jonah happened ” “in order to fulfill” the prophecy of Isaiah (1:22-23); the fleeing with this child to Egypt also fulfilled what had been spoken by Hosea according to Matthew 2:15; the slaughter of the innocent children in 2:16-18 fulfilled what was spoken by Jeremiah; this child’s growing up in Nazareth fulfilled what had been spoken by prophets, according to 2:23.63 This one greater than the prophet Jonah fulfilled the prophets (cf. In Matthew 5:13-16, the followers are first called light, then commanded to shine. There are passages dealing with persecution for being righteous such as 1 Peter 3:14–17. Paul’s missionary service in the cause of preaching the gospel of the kingdom to the Gentiles is evidence enough for Stuhlmacher that the justification question exists in affinity with the in-breaking of the kingdom. This passage is paralleled in Mark 3:14-16; 6:7-13; and Luke 9:1-6. Small children know that they are utterly dependent on the kindness of others to nurture and sustain them. Preachers understand they are addressing Christians and teaching them doctrine, even though—in all likelihood—unbelievers are in the audience as well, thus indicating that a didactic message might also prove to be a polemical one as well. This Jesus Christ of Matthew is, indeed, more than a prophet. Blessed Are The Persecuted (Matthew 5:10-12) There is no room in the kingdom for the cowardly. 9:37-38. Easton's Bible Dictionary Matthew 5:10. In this way, those persecuted can be said to be persecuted either for righteousness’ sake or on account of Christ. So, if the persecution which the disciples suffer refers back to the person of Christ, then it refers back to the Christ who is the ever-present, sovereign king of heaven and earth. Resume Prayer. Donald Hagner, “Holiness and Ecclesiology: The Church in Matthew,” in. Robert on May 24, ... then Matthew 5:10 applies to him? Perhaps not. Instead, one might say there is a “re-emphasis” of the subject. Gundry does not answer these questions. “Blessed are you when people insult you, persecute you and falsely say all kinds of evil against you because of me. Is 43:19; 51:6; 65:17).”42 Paul undoubtedly knew such expectation, but his understanding of it was altered significantly by his encounter with Christ and his subsequent call to be the apostle to the Gentiles, preaching to them the kingdom of God. Also, is it not possible that those who believe in the gift of justification—those who have heard the message of God’s salvation—would have actions which follow such beliefs? The position of Arland Jacobson, “ Religious Hostilities Reach Six-Year High, ” falsely... In verse 11 emphasizes that Christ is not one belonging merely to the Gentiles must not be,... When people insult you, persecute you and utter all kinds of evil against you falsely my... 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